Setting Up a Guinea Pig Cage

Have you recently decided to adopt a Guinea pig? Congratulations! These little guys are super cute. Since your Guinea pig—or cavy, as they are sometimes called—will live in a cage, it’s important to make sure your furry pal’s home is comfortable, fun, and cozy for him. Here, a Happy Valley, OR vet offers tips on setting up a Guinea pig cage.

Choosing The Cage

Picking the right cage is crucial! You can keep more than one Guinea pig together, as long as they are the same sex. One cavy will need at least 7.5 square feet. If you have more than one, you’ll need a bigger cage. Look for a cage with a solid floor: wire floors won’t hold substrate, and can also be dangerous. If you want to give your pint-sized pal extra space without taking up too much room, look for a cage with a second story, with an enclosed ramp for access.


Once you have the cage picked out, you’ll need to furnish it. Your cute pet will need food bowls, a water bottle, and at least one comfy hidey-hole. (Tip: Guinea pigs love cozies, which are basically little tents for small animals.) You can litterbox train cavies, so you may want to include a litterbox as well. A hayrack may come in handy, too. You’ll also need to give your tiny furball lots of toys, including plenty of chew toys. Ask your vet for specific advice.


You’ll need to put substrate down. Avoid pine or cedar based substrates, which are not safe for small animals. Aspen is a good option. You can also use paper-based products, or even a soft fleece blanket. Ask your vet for recommendations.


Choosing the right spot is also important. Don’t put Guinea pigs in direct sunlight, or too close to a heater, fan, air duct, or fireplace. Noise is another thing to consider. Your furry buddy probably won’t be happy near a loud TV or stereo, or beside your teenager’s drum kit. Opt for a quiet spot where your cavy can see and hear you, but isn’t in the center of things. If you have other pets, keep the cage off the floor. Your cavy will be frightened with Fido and Fluffy constantly staring at him!

Please call us, your Happy Valley, OR vet hospital, anytime. We’re here to help!

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